Presidential voters in contemporary elections are expected, and in many cases promised, to vote for the candidates of the party that appointed them. While there is evidence that the founders assumed that voters would be independent actors weighing the merits of competing presidential candidates, they have been considered agents of the public will since the first decade under the Constitution. They should vote for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates of the party that nominated them. Despite this expectation, individual voters sometimes did not live up to their commitment and voted for a different candidate than those to whom they had been promised. They are known as « infidel » or « infidel » voters. In fact, the balance of opinion of constitutionalists is that voters, once elected, remain constitutionally free agents capable of voting for any candidate who meets the requirements of president and vice president. However, there were few unfaithful voters (in the 20th century there was one in 1948, 1956, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1988 and 2000) and never influenced the outcome of a presidential election. The President-elect of the United States is the candidate who would have won the presidential election in the United States and awaits his inauguration to become president. There is no explicit indication in the U.S. Constitution of when that person will actually be elected president, even though the Twentieth Amendment uses the term « president-elect, » thus constitutionally justifying the term « president-elect. »   Congressional confirmation of votes cast by the U.S. Electoral College – which takes place after the third day of January after the new Congress is sworn in in accordance with the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment – is deemed to clearly confirm the successful candidate as the official « president-elect » under the United States.
Constitution. As an unofficial term, president-elect has been used by the media since at least the second half of the 19th century and has been used by politicians since at least the 1790s. Politicians and the media applied the term to the projected winner, even on election night, and very few of those who lost were designated as such.  An Electoral College map showing the number of votes allocated to each state for the 2020 presidential election. Parliamentary elections usually include a series of debates between presidential candidates, as well as a debate between vice-presidential candidates. Because the stakes are high, a lot of money and resources are spent on all sides. Attempts to contain the rising costs of modern parliamentary elections have proven ineffective. Public funding has also failed to solve the problem.  Incumbent presidents who have been re-elected for a second term are generally not considered elected presidents because they are already in office and are not waiting to become presidents.
An incumbent vice-president who is elected president is called an elected president. The process of becoming president has become increasingly long, but the underlying steps remain largely the same. (Source: Change of work by the U.S. General Services Administration, Federal Citizen Information Center, Ifrah Syed) The existence of presidential voters and the duties of the Electoral College are so little noticed in today`s society that most American voters believe they vote directly for a president and vice president on Election Day. Although candidates for election may be well-known people such as governors, state legislators, or other state and local officials, they generally do not receive public recognition as voters. In fact, in most states, the names of individual voters do not appear anywhere on the ballot; Instead, only those of the various presidential and vice-presidential candidates appear, usually preceded by the words « voters for. » In addition, electoral votes are commonly referred to as « awarded » to the winning candidate, as if no one were involved in the process. The President-elect and Vice President enjoy mandatory protection from the U.S. Secret Service. Since the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, major party candidates have also enjoyed such protection during the election campaign. The Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, provided for the separate election of the president and vice-president and established ways to elect a winner if no one obtained a majority of the electoral votes.
Only once since the adoption of the Twelfth Amendment, in the 1824 election, has the House of Representatives elected the president according to these rules, and only once, in 1836, has the Senate elected the vice president. In several elections, such as in 1876 and 1888, a candidate who obtained less than a majority of the vote claimed the presidency, including cases where the losing candidate received the majority of the votes. .